North Korea accused of enhancing its nuclear and missile programs despite UN sanctions

 (CNN) — North Korea illegally exported millions of tons of commodities like coal last year to enhance its ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons programs, according to a confidential UN report.

Prepared by a UN-appointed independent panel of experts charged with monitoring sanctions enforcement and efficacy on the Pyongyang regime, the annual report — which has not yet been publicly released — reveals North Korea continued its weapons program last year in violation of long-standing UN Security Council sanctions.

Investigators also concluded that “despite its extensive indigenous capability it (North Korea) uses illicit external procurement for components and technology” to develop weapons.

‎One section of the document seen by CNN said North Korea’s ballistic missile program was “characterized by its intensity, diversity and coherence.” The report said North Korea conducted 13 missile tests — and launched 25 missiles — in 2019.

“As well as the sustained pace of launches and the variety of launch locations, 2019 saw the (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) enhance the industrial and operational dynamics of the program, with new weapon systems brought almost to operational effectiveness, increased diversity of missile types and launchers, augmentation of the Medium Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) and Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) types tested through 2017,” the report said.

Two UN diplomats have confirmed to CNN major conclusions of the report, which indicates sanctions are once again being ignored. The panel’s annual report in 2019 leveled similar accusations against North Korea.

Exporting coal on barges

According to the report, North Korea used barges to export millions of tons of commodities like coal — via ship-to-ship transfers to Chinese vessels — to earn money for its weapons programs.

A Security Council resolution passed in 2017 punishing North Korea for its weapons development banned the country from exporting coal, iron and seafood to the rest of the world.

‎The report said, “according to a member state, the DPRK exported 3.7 million metric tons of coal between January and August 2019, with an estimated value of $370 million.”

Some UN member states told the panel that barges had illegally sent the coal to three Chinese ports in Hangzhou Bay as well as other locations along the Yangtze river, according to the report.

The panelists said one UN member country claimed North Korea exported at least a million tons of sand from river dredging to Chinese ports — collecting at least $22 million.

China has repeatedly denied it is helping North Korea evade sanctions.

statement from the spokesperson of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations said the leaked report “caused media hypes and baseless accusations against China.”

“China has always faithfully and seriously fulfilled its international obligations and sustained huge losses and tremendous pressure in the process. China will continue to work towards dialogue and detente, advance political settlement process, and play a positive and constructive role on working towards denuclearization of the peninsula,” it said.

Petroleum and cyber attacks

The report alleged North Korea is also illegally importing petroleum — another violation of UN resolutions.

“The annual cap for 2019, as set by the Security Council, of the aggregate amount of 500,000 barrels of refined petroleum products was exceeded many times over. The Russian Federation and China requested more conclusive evidence to make a judgment,” the report said.

The UN team also found that North Korea conducted cyberattacks against financial institutions and global cryptocurrency exchanges.

According to the report described by two UN diplomats, “these attacks have resulted in monetary losses and have provided illicit revenue for the DPRK in violation of financial sanctions.”‎

US relations

At the UN, China and Russia have hinted they would support some easing of sanctions on North Korea. But the US, UK and France — the other permanent members of the Security Council — remain firmly opposed.

On Monday, CNN reported that President Donald Trump had lost interest in resuming talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un before the US election in November.

Trump’s last meeting with the North Korean dictator took place almost exactly a year ago, and both leaders walked away empty-handed. Since then diplomacy — aimed at achieving the denuclearization of North Korea — has floundered

CNN has approached North Korea officials for comment.


Subaru plans major expansion in Lafayette

LAFAYETTE, Ind. (Inside INdiana Business) — Subaru of Indiana Automotive in Lafayette has announced plans for a major expansion. The automaker says it will invest $158 million to diversify its manufacturing operations and create up to 350 jobs by the end of 2023. The 4.7 million-square-foot facility, which is Subaru’s only assembly plant in the U.S., produces the Legacy, Impreza, Outback and Ascent models, and employs more than 6,000 people in Tippecanoe County.

The Indiana Economic Development Corp. says SIA will build a new service parts facility on the 820-acre campus and expand its plant to add a transmission assembly shop. SIA says it is currently hiring for production positions at the plant.

“We’re proud to continue investing in Indiana,” Scott Brand, senior vice president of administration and quality at SIA, said in a news release. “We also appreciate the tremendous support these plans have received from the state, Tippecanoe County and the city of Lafayette. Our production levels have tripled over the past 10 years. These new projects are exciting growth opportunities to help us meet increasing customer demand.”

The expansion comes more than two years after SIA announced plans to invest $140 million to support the production of the Subaru Ascent and create up to 200 jobs. Late last year, SIA opened its $4.7 million Technical Training Center on the campus as well.

The IEDC plans to offer SIA up to nearly $2.3 million in conditional tax credits and up to $350,000 in training grants, which the company will not be eligible to claim until Hoosier workers are hired for the new jobs. The incentives must still be approved by the IEDC Board of Directors. 

The city of Lafayette and Tippecanoe County plan to offer additional incentives.

“Today marks another important day in the relationship between SIA, Greater Lafayette and the state of Indiana,” said Lafayette Mayor Tony Roswarski. “This significant investment represents the deep friendship, professional relationship and trust that we all share with each other. This investment will create new opportunities and new beginnings. It speaks well of the tremendous workforce of SIA and the confidence to find new associates to carry on that tradition of excellence. It shows confidence in local and state government to work together and in our local quality of life initiatives to make this a great place for people to live, work and play.”

SIA produces about 410,000 vehicles annually. The automaker has invested more than $2.2 billion in the plant since 1986.